First steps to becoming self-employed

Becoming self-employed is not easy, it requires numerous procedures and paperwork for which it is essential to have an in-depth knowledge of the regulations and tax steps to follow. Here are the steps you need to follow to successfully complete your registration as self-employed.

Mandatory steps for all self-employed workers

  • Registration with the tax on economic activities (IAE): this is a tax on the exercise of professional activity. It classifies business and professional activities by means of a code called “epígrafe de la actividad”.
  • Enrolment in the Special Scheme for the Self-Employed in the Social Security: this is done at the General Treasury of the Social Security (TGSS). Previously, there was a period of 30 calendar days to carry out the census registration. Currently, this must be done prior to the census declaration or on the same day. You must bring form 036, your ID card and form TA521/1 for registration in the Special Regime for Self-Employed Workers. The latter can be completed at the TGSS office itself.
  • Census registration and tax regime option: this is also processed at the Tax Agency. Form 036 must be completed, in which the corresponding tax regime is chosen and the activity to be carried out and the details are indicated. You must register before starting the activity.
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